K-12_Science Standards (rearranged and updated 08/23/06)
Content knowledge for Science for grades K-12, as set by the Association of Supervision and Curriculum Development includes 15 items. All of these are not covered in any single course, but since many of you have children, your knowledge of these will be of benefit to you in your role as responsible parents. Some information on the more general of these items can be found on my materials for General Biology and for Environmental Science. From Content Knowledge: A Compendium of Standards and Benchmarks for K-12 Education (ASCD publication).
1. Understand the nature of scientific knowledge.
2. Understand the nature of scientific inquiry. SRcourse_Sci_Limits.htm
3. Understand the scientific enterprise.
4. Understand essential ideas about the composition and structure of the universe and the Earth's place in it.
5. Understand basic concepts about the structure and properties of matter. Chemistry of life
6. Understand energy types, sources and conversions, and their relationship to heat and temperature.
7. Know the kinds of forces that exist between objects and within atoms.
8. Understand basic features of the Earth.
9. Understand basic Earth processes.
10. Understand the cycling of matter and flow of energy through the living environment.
11. Know about the diversity and unity that characterize life. Properties of life, evolution & speciation
12. Understand the basic concepts of the evolution of species.
13. Know the general structure and functions of cells in organisms. Membranes & cell function
14. Understand the genetic basis for the transfer of biological characteristics from one generation to the next.
15. Understand how species depend on one another and on the environment for survival. Understanding populations
Similar standards exist for Geography, History, U.S. History, Historical Understanding, Math, Language Arts, Technology, and Health.
A few of these that apply to science classes are summarized below:
Understand characteristics and uses of maps, globes, and other geographic tools & technologies.
Know the characteristics of spatial organization and location of places, geographic features and patterns of the environment.
Know the physical processes that shape patterns on Earth's surface, and understand the characteristics of ecosystems.
Understand how human actions modify the physical environment.
Understand major discoveries in science and technology, some of their social and economic effects, and the major scientists and inventors responsible for them.
Understand and know how to analyze chronological relationships and patterns.
Use basic and advanced properties of while performing the processes of computation and the concepts of measurement.
Demonstrate competence in the general skills and strategies of the writing process.
Understands relationships among science, technology, society and the individual.
Know environmental and external factors that affect individual and community health.
I am not so naive that I would think that all, or even most students know the material listed in these standards, because I am aware of my own lack of scientific (and other) knowledge upon graduating from high school.